Drilling for heavy gas is a dangerous but necessary process. Because drilling for these materials presents a myriad of risks, it’s important that their extraction is approached with caution and uses tried and true extraction methods. Experienced and skilled professional drilling companies follow strict guidelines and obtain a number of permits and certifications to ensure the safety of their workers and those within the areas surrounding the well. They also pay close attention to every detail of the drilling process to preserve the natural environment as much as possible and obtain quality materials. The process of drilling for heavy gas is well planned and researched before it begins.
- The first step in planning for heavy gas drilling is selecting the location. The goal here is to find an area with promise for producing the gases they’re seeking. Technological advances in the gas drilling industry have made the process of finding the right location quicker and easier than ever. Some of the common methods used by drilling companies today include geological surveys, on-shore and off-shore seismology and exploratory wells.
- After a location has been determined, a site surveyor is sent there to prepare it for drilling. During this step, the surveyor looks for existing structures such as pipelines or power lines to see what will need to be removed or worked around. They are also responsible for gathering information on the natural habitat surrounding the location to determine the policies and procedures that will be put in place to avoid disturbing it. Once the land has been purchased and the members of the surrounding community have been notified about the upcoming drilling, plans are made to begin building the well.
- Before construction can take place on the well, the area must be cleared and prepped to handle the materials once they have been extracted. This is where the drilling companies place storage containers on the site to hold drilling materials. Once the site is prepared, a drilling rig is erected.
- From here, either horizontal or vertical drilling can be performed. Vertical drilling digs a well that goes straight down into the earth until the drill bit reaches the desired location. Horizontal drilling utilizes specially designed tools to guide the drill bit to the developing location in a horizontal pattern. Horizontal wells are said to perform more efficiently than vertical wells and are also more cable of preserving the surrounding area. Hydraulic fracturing is usually necessary to complete the drilling process, and involves the pumping of water into the ground at a high pressure to break up the shale and release the gas. Once drilled, the well can produce for up to 30 years after the initial drilling.
Heavy gas drilling companies need strong and safe equipment and structures to complete the drilling process as quickly and safely as possible. Wollam Construction has been providing the heavy industrial contracting services to build these structures since 1986. Our commitments to safety, quality workmanship and building strong client relationships have made us one of the leading heavy industrial contractors in the Intermountain West. Visit us online to see our most recent heavy gas drilling projects.