Excavation is the process of moving earth, rock or other materials with tools, equipment or explosives. It includes earthwork, trenching, wall shafts, tunneling and underground. Excavation has a number of important applications including exploration, environmental restoration, mining and construction. Among these, construction is one of the most common applications for excavation. Excavation is used in construction to create building foundations, reservoirs and roads. Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools and machinery to get the job done right. The processes used will depend upon the structure that will result from the construction process.
How does the process work?
Before the excavation process can begin, the site must be carefully examined to make sure that the natural habitat and artifacts surrounding it are persevered throughout excavation. Next, the plans for the size and depth of the site are made and the excavation company makes drawings from them to clearly mark the excavation site’s boundaries. Once these two important steps have been taken, the excavation work can begin. The entire excavation process includes:
- setting out corner benchmarks
- surveying ground and top levels
- excavation to the approved depth
- dressing the loose soil
- making up to cut off level
- the construction of dewatering wells and interconnecting trenches
- making boundaries of the building
- the construction of protection bunds and drains
Where is excavation construction used?
Excavation construction is used during the construction process of almost every structure we encounter throughout our lives. It is used to build the foundation for the construction of homes, roadways, and buildings and creates reservoirs like lakes and pools that house some of our favorite summer activities. It is also relied upon for the mining of precious metals and minerals. Excavation facilitates the construction process and helps our important structures be built to their fullest potential by providing increased control over the job location.
Who performs excavation?
Construction excavation requires experience, skill and close attention to detail as it deals with large structures and creates the foundation for the entire project. Heavy industrial contractors use advanced techniques, tools and heavy machinery to make sure that the job is done right. Hiring a heavy industrial contractor to complete large excavation projects will yield the best results. Get your project started by looking into the heavy industrial contractors that service your area. You will want to take note of their reputations and values on safety to narrow down your list to the top in the industry. You can find this information by conducting a quick Google search, asking around in the construction industry and/or reviewing their websites. Selecting a heavy industrial contractor who values safety, is known for quality work and has experience in excavation construction will yield the best results for your large excavation project.
Wollam Construction has been providing heavy industrial contracting in the Intermountain West since 1986. Our commitments to quality work, safety and strong relationships with our clients have made us a leader in the industry. Visit us online for more on our excavation construction work.